What is Marijuana/Cannabis Addiction?
Cannabis or marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States and is widely used among teenagers and adolescents. Although there may be medicinal benefits for individuals with severe chronic disease, studies have shown that marijuana is a drug of addiction, tolerance, and dependence.
Cannabis is composed of two main ingredients: delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, more commonly known as THC, and cannabidiol, which is commonly known as CBD. THC is known to produce the mind-altering effects associated with feeling “high,” whereas CBD is known to produce the proposed medicinal effects associated with marijuana. Marijuana is often smoked. However, THC and CBD can be orally ingested or absorbed through the skin when infused into butter or oil.
Cannabis use disorder has been published in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM5) and is defined by the recent use of cannabis, significantly problematic behavioral or psychological changes, and at least two of the following signs after ingestion: increased appetite, dry mouth, conjunctiva injection, and increased heart rate.